IT Governance and Compliance: Its Importance and the Best Practices to Follow in 2024

IT Governance and Compliance

With new technology coming in every day, the need for IT governance and compliance is essential. IT governance and compliance are not only necessary for the consumers, but also for businesses. A strong IT governance plan can help add immense value to your business. 

Many businesses are not aware of the importance of IT governance and Its Compliance. Hence it is important first to understand IT Governance and the Compliance Standards.

Understanding IT Governance

So, what is IT Governance?

IT Governance is the processes and frameworks that organizations and business entities have put in place to make sure that their IT systems and services are in accordance with their business strategic objectives. They ensure that the systems are effectively managed and deliver value. IT Governance is a platform for decision-making accountability and oversees the usage and management of IT resources within an organization. In simple terms, IT governance ensures that the IT resources are being used to benefit the organization.

IT governance allows a business to establish policies, procedures, and controls that will allow entities to make informed decisions about their IT investments. It also allows organizations to prioritize projects, effectively allocate resources, and manage risks.

What are the parts of IT governance?

According to the IT Governance Institute (a division of ISACA), there are five components of IT Governance. This includes; 

Value delivery: Ensuring that IT investments and projects will deliver measurable value to the business

Strategic alignment: Ensuring the IT strategies align with the business goals 

Performance management: Establishing metrics and key performance indicators (KPIs) to examine the effectiveness of IT initiatives.

Resource management: Maximizing effective use of all available IT resources, including funding software hardware and workforce.

Risk management: Identifying, evaluating, and reducing risks related to IT operations, such as those related to cybersecurity, system malfunctions, and compliance problems.

What are IT Compliance Standards

IT Compliance is the adherence to the legal frameworks set up by the government to protect the data of customers. To achieve IT Compliance, businesses must meet all the standards and regulations for the software that they use to protect customer data. IT Compliance is vast, as there are many standards to be followed. It involves following industry regulations, government policies, security frameworks, and the agreement of the customer to ensure software security and their data is appropriately used in business. Moreover, compliance standards not only protect the security of businesses and customers but also promote the availability and reliability of services. Compliance standards are a standard to follow, as they ensure that businesses are using software as they are intended to be used.

Common regulatory bodies and standards

Several regulatory bodies and standards have been put in place to ensure that companies safeguard data efficiently. A few of them have been mentioned below;

  1. GDPR – General Data Protection Regulation 
  2. HIPAA- Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act 
  3. The Information Technology Act, 2008
  4. IS/ISO/IEC 27001 or the Indian SPDI Rules

Best Practices for Regulatory Adherence

1. Developing a Robust IT Governance Framework

As a business that handles sensitive data, it is essential to develop a strong IT governance framework. This requires you to identify your business and develop a framework that caters to your requirements. The organizations’ size number of employees, strategic goals, and existing IT capabilities are all important factors to consider. It is necessary to develop an IT governance framework that is tailored according to your organization’s needs. These frameworks should be aligned with your business goals and help you address challenges as well. 

Moreover, when selecting a framework, it is essential that input from stakeholders in the business, such as IT leaders, executives, and board members, is taken into consideration. It is important to do so to ensure that there is collaboration among the team and that the right framework is chosen.

2. Regular Risk Assessments and Audits

Risk Assessments and Auditing involves identifying the potential threats that could affect the organization. A risk assessment strategy must be set in place to ensure that the business is consistently being evaluated and checked against attacks. Audits must be conducted to ensure that the business is complying with the IT frameworks that have been established. 

Regular assessments would allow businesses to evaluate and understand the effectiveness of their cybersecurity controls. This would help organizations in staying ahead of of security and improve the security measures and standards with time.

3. Employee Training and Awareness

The most important rule to follow to protect the data of users is to ensure that employees are thoroughly trained. The biggest threat to data protection is human error. Hence, as an organization, it is your responsibility to provide training and educate your employees, 

Without proper training, employees can be an easy target for phishing scams and hackers. The best way to tackle this would be to provide training for recognizing phishing scams and finding preventative methods. This IT Governance practice emphasizes on the value of education, training, and spreading awareness, safeguarding sensitive data and devices while working.


The practices mentioned above can ensure that your organization is protecting itself and the data of its customers by adhering to IT Governance and Compliance standards. The sustainability of your business must do so. By understanding the core guidelines of governance and adhering to them, you are slowly building a strong organization that is equipped against imminent cyber threats.


IT governance provides responsibility for IT-related processes, improves decision-making, and guarantees that IT operations are in line with business objectives.

Organizations may remain up to speed on changing standards by routinely checking updates from pertinent regulatory agencies, taking part in industry forums, and speaking with compliance specialists.

To minimize the chance of unintentional non-compliance, promote a culture of accountability, and raise understanding of compliance requirements, employee training is crucial.

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